Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Hot Supersonic Jet

Do you ever wonder how hot a supersonic jet would become if it flew at sea-level at 3.5 the speed of sound (Mach 3.5)?  Well, put your thoughts to rest.  Here is the answer:

Step 1.  Grab a CAD file from the Sketchup 3D warehouse.  A great one is the SR-71 model.

Step 2.  Convert it to .stl format and read it into Stallion 3D.

Step 3.  Have Stallion 3D solve the Navier-Stokes equations at Mach 3.5 (1,200 meters/second).

Step 4.  Walk away for 3 hours (if you are using a 2 GHz laptop and 500 k cells) and return to find the "answer".

The surface pressure in Pascals:

 Pressure on the surface of the jet as rendered in Stallion 3D with HIST.


The Hanley Discretization (HD) technologies accurately solves
the complete flow field and displays surface Cp (near the fuselage) within a 
few hours using Windows XP, 7 or 8/8.1

The Mach Number:


Stallion 3D applies a no-slip velocity condition to
the surface for this particular problem.  The 
program can also solve the compressible Euler equations.

The temperature:

Yes. It gets hot on the surface of a supersonic jet flying at sea-level as speed more than the speed of sound. The temperature can become as hot as 770 degrees Celsius on the surface.

Surface temperature in degrees Kelvin

Temperature on wing section near the fuselage of the jet.

Stallion 3D with Hanley Innovations Surface Treatment (HIST) along with Hanley Discretization  (HD) solves difficult problem once only tractable with countless days of grid generation and super-computing time.  And guess what?  It solves them in just a few hours on ordinary laptops and tablets computers.

More information about Stallion 3D can be found at http://www.hanleyinnovations.com.  Please call me at (352) 240-3658 to further the discussion.

Thanks for reading.


Sunday, February 1, 2015

Stallion 3D Ahmed Body Validation

Stallion 3D with HIST (Hanley Innovations Surface Treatment) features automatic grid generation and high accuracy for arbitrary  3D geometries.  Stallion 3D features solutions of both the 3D compressible Euler and Navier-Stokes equations.   

Stallion 3D: Flow past Ahmed Body

The compressible Euler solver (for low speed flows) was used to analyze the Ahmed body geometry for validation of solutions for road vehicles and race cars (F1 for example).  Stallion 3D has the ability to read in a complex geometry and provide a quick solution on an ordinary PC or laptop computer under Windows XP, 7 or 8/8.1.  

Stallion 3D Workflow and Results

With 700,000 computational cells, the Euler solver computed a pressure drag of 0.254 after 15,000 iterations.  This is very close to the experimental results of 0.260.

More information about Stallion 3D can be found at http://www.hanleyinnovations.com.  

Thanks for reading.

Friday, November 14, 2014

Rosetta Orbiter in Wake of Comet 67P

AG/CFD (Actual Geometry) Analysis performed by Stallion 3D with HIST for #SimulationFriday.

Stallion 3D took just seconds (with no need for pre-processing) to automatically import, grid and begin the compressible Navier-Stokes analysis of the water vapor, ice particles and dust streaming past the Rosetta orbiter in the wake of Comet 67-P’s.

Close up of the orbiter geometry in Stallion 3D.  


Analysis for the arbitrary geometries was performed on a on an HP Pavillion Laptop (Quad-Core) for a total of 4 hours.
Streamline of the flow past the Rosetta Orbiter

Rosetta image Credit:


More information can be found at http://www.hanleyinnovations.com.

Thanks for reading.

Thursday, September 25, 2014

Stallion 3D Lift/Drag Study

Stallion 3D is a modern  aerodynamics and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis software tool.  The software allows users to bypass the time-consuming grid generation step and setup their problem for analysis in just a matter of a few seconds.  Stallion 3D is the best tool for aerodynamics analysis of arbitrary geometries on your MS Windows PC.

The following pictures are results obtain using Stallion 3D for  a lift and drag study of the DLR F4 wing-body.    The geometry was obtained from NASA OpenVsp hangar. Extensive data for this study was obtained from NASA 1st Drag Prediction Workshop (DPW1).  The url is: http://aaac.larc.nasa.gov/tsab/cfdlarc/aiaa-dpw/Workshop1/workshop1.html.

Only 500,000 computation cells were used for the present Stallion 3D analysis.  Results were obtained after 4 hours of computation time for each angle of attack using a laptop computer under MS Windows.  To speed-up the simulations, two cases were run simultaneously on the laptop.  This allowed a complete study in less than 24 hours.

Stallion 3D pressure distribution for DLR F4 at 2 deg angle of attack


CL versus angle of attack.  Results are from Stallion 3D
and CFL3D (as reported during DPW1).


Lift vs. Drag for the DLR F4 wing body.  Since the 
Euler equations was used for Stallion 3D, the graph shows 
pressure drag (CD_pres) for Stallion 3D.  This is compared
against the total drag from CFL3D and the experiments.


Pressure coefficient a station along the wing at 2 deg angle of attack.
The lines are for results obtained  by CFD3D as presented at DPW1.

More information about Stallion 3D can be obtained from http://www.hanleyinnovations.com/stallion3d.html

Thanks for reading.  Do not hesitate to telephone us at (352) 240-3658 or email at hanley@hanleyinnovations.com if you have any questions.

Friday, September 19, 2014

Five Benefits of Interactive Airplane Design

Its amazing how quickly a designer can compose a working airplane with 3DFoil, our interactive analysis and design tool.  The following video shows how airfoils and 3D planform shapes work together to size & determine stability of a new designs.



Since interactive is a word that is often used to describe computer programs, I would like to list 5 benefits that 3DFoil brings to interactive aircraft and hydrofoil design.

Benefit 1:  The airfoils are all built into the program.  Unlike other CAD software, you do not have to browse the web to find airfoil shapes for your new designs.

Benefit 2:  You can analyze the airfoils on the fly.  You can test and compare candidate airfoils in a matter of second using the built-in airfoil analysis tool.  Compare  Cl, Cd, moments and the angle for maximum lift of your airfoil shapes.

Benefit 3: Interactive means using the airfoils in 3D wing planform shapes and immediately getting the lift, drag (vortex and profile) and moments.  As shown in the video, this only take a few seconds.

Benefit 4: An airplane is like a bicycle (the Wright brothers built bicycles).  It must support a payload and it should be properly balanced in flight.  This means interactively determining both the longitudinal and lateral stability derivatives to ensure the performance of your design.

Design and analysis of kite-surfacing canopy.

Benefit 5: 3DFoil interactive means that you will have something concrete to show for your efforts. The software can export both .dxf files of the airfoils and a 3D .STL file of the surfaces.  You can use these for 3D-printing a fully working prototype for wind tunnel testing.

More information about 3DFoil can be found at http://www.hanleyinnovations.com/3dfoil.html

Thanks for reading.  Do not hesitate to contact us at (352) 240-3658 for more information.

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Aerodynamics of a Hand Launched UAV

The business for small hand launched UAVs can be quite lucrative.  Make no mistake, however, theses aircraft are not high-priced model (toy) airplanes that you can just sell to the government.  UAVs that are highly coveted for surveillance work by private and government organizations must be extremely durable (tough), all weather and have the range and endurance to fulfill their mission. They must also be quiet.

3D Analysis using Stallion 3D.  Colors show surface pressure.

The above specifications presents a myriad of conflicting design requirements that must be successfully navigated by the UAV aerodynamics engineer.  The aerodynamics software by Hanley Innovations is the only suite of programs that equips the designer with a set of tools to complete their tasks in a timely manner.  For example, Stallion 3D, a full-fledged aerodynamics software package, requires no user grid generation.  The workflow to setup a simulation takes seconds and the software runs on an ordinary PC or laptop computer under the familiar MS Windows environment.  The following video shows the process.


Video shows how to efficiently analyze a UAV using Stallion 3D

Requirements for a successful UAV design include:
1. Airfoils with good lift/drag ratio and soft stall characteristics
2. A wing/body (fuselage) combination that provides high lift and low induced drag.
3.  Good longitudinal stability characteristics (marginally stable UAVs are difficult to fly and gets damaged during landing and takeoff).
4. Good lateral stability characteristics and damping derivatives.

More information about our suite of software can be found a http://www.hanleyinnovations.com.  You may also call us at (352) 240-3658.

Thanks for reading.

P.S. Our airfoil analysis software starts at only $29 (they predict  the angle of attack for maximum lift and separation). More information can be found at: http://www.hanleyinnovations.com/vf50.html

Wednesday, September 3, 2014

5 Tedious CFD Chores You Can Skip with HanleyCFD

The hallmark of any process innovation is the elimination of a significant step (or number of steps) from the workflow and yet maintain (or improve) the high standards of the final product.  Hanley Innovations CFD products (HanleyCFD) remove the grid generation step from your workflow during the computational fluid dynamics, CFD, analysis of your product.  This speeds up the design process and gives you an advantage over the competition.

Since saying automated gridding is a honor that all software can boast (we are using a computer for CFD after all), here are 5 tasks and worries  you can definitely leave behind when you analyze your designs using HanleyCFD.



1.  Grid Quality Worries
There is no need for worrying about grid quality.  Every single cell in a HanleyCFD grid is Cartesian, i.e.a rectangular hexahedron (my old notes from 18.335 say that these are the best grids for CFD). Furthermore, there is no overhead in transforming the 3-D Navier-Stokes and Euler equations to conform to a surface fitted grid.  You can solve them the way nature intended (in Cartesian form).


Comparison of Cartesian Euler Solver & Potential Flow in MultiElement Airfoils 5.

2. Small Features Can Stay
A small nick, scratch or bump on a CAD surface mesh can send an extrusion based grid generation process awry.  It is the painful equivalent of bare footing a tack (or Lego piece) on an otherwise smooth floor.  With HanleyCFD, there is no need for a time consuming cleanup of the CAD surface. Small features can stay and save you time in the analysis work flow.

3. Dealing with Small Acute Angles & Paper Thin Surfaces in the Geometry
You can just ignore these cute little triangles with HanleyCFD.  CFD based on tetrahedral grids can have accuracy problems if they encounter these features.  Increasing the mesh resolution can often exacerbate the problem and lead the solver down an endless inverted oblivion. The following  video shows how Stallion 3D,  the HanleyCFD flagship, deals with a geometry mired in small acute angles.

Watch this video to see the workflow from analyzing difficult geometries.


4.  The Debate Over Important Geometry Features
HanleyCFD helps you to avoid the long debate (with yourself or team members) whether or not a geometry feature is important to the analysis and the physics of the flow.  Keeping a feature translates to more time performing the mesh generation. By removing the feature, you can miss an important physical result.  HanleyCFD will analyze the feature without the extra time spent for mesh generation.

5.  Modification of the Geometry That's in your Mind
Too often, you are forced to modify your design to appease cost and time constraints of the analysis workflow.  With HanleyCFD, you have no problems analyzing the concepts that can change the world.

Stallion 3D analysis of Wright Flyer (TurboSquid model).

HanleyCFD and Stallion 3D can be purchased at http://www.hanleyinnovations.com.  Please call us at (352) 240-3658 for more information.

Thanks for reading.